Li

The images presented here derive from a broad range of naturally occurring formations that have long been of interest and a source of inspiration to artists and designers but which have never really been systematically investigated. The expression Li has been appropriated from the Chinese, where, as a concept it lies between the notion of pattern and principle. Essentially dynamic formations, Li typically present more content than a mere texture and usually go beyond the constraints of strict patterning. Since they are dynamic formations Li often give an impression of a frozen moment, of a process caught at a particular instant of time - and because of this they are appealing in a purely aesthetic sense.

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An Equilibrium pattern derived from the Kerr magneto-optic effect (in a section of barium ferrite)

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Microscopic formations on the surface of a diamond

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A Lichtenberg figure (resulting from an electric charge through a block of plastic)

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'Fir-tree' domain pattern of the surface of a crystal

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Phyllotaxy in a section of cabbage:

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Release pattern (Glass/Ink)

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'Street Plan' shrinkage pattern

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Angulated forms (above: river ice, below: eroded shale)

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'Centred' forms in semi-precious stones

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Shrinkage patterns (above:dried paint, below: crackle glaze)

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Cloud-like formations (in willow, gneiss and jaspar)

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Three examples of polygonal quasi-regularity in nature

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Natural net-like formations

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Shore patterns

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Variegated patterns in nature

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'Spiral defect' and 'domain' patterns

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Various reptilian skin formations

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Shell studies

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Irish moss seaweed

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Labyrinthine formation on surface of succinic acid crystal

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Leaf venation arrangements

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Trigons: microscopic formations on surface of diamond

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Magnetic maze-domain pattern on a silicon-iron crystal

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Dendritic geological formation

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Successive sections of Red cabbage: 1

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Successive sections of Red cabbage: 2

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Holly-leaf skeleton (digitally enhanced)

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The intricate retiform cells of an Insect-wing

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Detail of ceramic crackle-glaze (digitally enhanced)

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Brain-neuron distribution (digitally enhanced): 1

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Brain-neuron distribution (digitally enhanced): 2

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Leaf venation pattern (digitally enhanced)

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River system (Himalayas)

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Crackle-glaze pattern in Chinese ceramic

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Chaotic 'spiral-defect' formation

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Langmuir film pattern

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Liquid convection rolls

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Systematic breakage pattern

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The swirling forms of soap-suds

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Free flotation pattern

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Dappled flotation pattern

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Soap-bubble formation

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Plankton structure

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Plant cell structure

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Fig-leaf venation pattern

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Fig-leaf venation pattern: 2

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Section of Brain (digitally enhanced)

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Chaotic liquid domain pattern

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Plant-cell formation

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Leaf venation pattern (quiina acutangula)

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Crackle-glaze pattern in Chinese ceramic

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Frost-patterns

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Shatter pattern within pebble

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Leaf-venation pattern (original)